- The first cluster of forced labor camps was located on the White Sea, north of the Arctic Circle. The camps were centered on Solovetsky Island, which had been a Russian Orthodox Church monastery before the 1917 Revolution. The Solovetsky camps, known as Northern Camps of Special Designation (SLON), were established to punish political dissidents. Prisoners included clergy, corrupt businesspeople, rich peasants, and former tsarist soldiers and civil servants. The camps had a brutal reputation: many prisoners were executed, and many starved or were worked to death. Attempted escapes were punished by mass shootings, according to one of the few survivors of the camps. The camps at first had only a relatively minor economic function, but they later became a model for the gulag empire that played a historic role in Joseph Stalin’s era of terror.See also Belomor Canal; Frenkel, Naftalii.
Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. Robert W. Pringle. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Solovetsky Monastery — ( ru. Соловецкий монастырь) was the greatest citadel of Christianity in the Russian North before being turned into a special Soviet prison and labor camp (1926–1939), which served as a prototype for the GULAG system. Situated on the Solovetsky… … Wikipedia
Solovetsky Islands — Coordinates: 65°05′N 35°53′E / 65.083°N 35.883°E / 65.083; 35.883 … Wikipedia
Solovetsky Monastery Uprising — The Solovetsky Monastery Uprising ( Соловецкое восстание in Russian) was an uprising of Old Believer monks of the northern Solovetsky Monastery against the Tsar s policies, known as the Raskol. The uprising involved the siege of the Solovetsky… … Wikipedia
Monasterio de Solovetsky — Conjunto histórico y cultural de las islas Solovetsky¹ Patrimonio de la Humanidad Unesco Monasterio Solovetsky visto desde el mar Blanco … Wikipedia Español
Islas Solovetsky — (Соловецкие острова) Vista de la isla principal Localización geográfica / administrativa … Wikipedia Español
Sublevación del monasterio de Solovetsky — Representación del asedio del monasterio Solovetsky. Concilio … Wikipedia Español
Îles Solovetsky — Îles Solovetski Ensemble historique, culturel et naturel des îles Solovetsky 1 Patrimoine mondial Latitude Longitude … Wikipédia en Français
Naftaly Frenkel — Naftaly Aronovich Frenkel Russian: Нафталий Аронович Френкель; (1883 Haifa – 1960 Moscow) was a Soviet citizen and Chekist (member of the Soviet secret police). Frenkel is best known for his role in the organisation of work in the Gulag, starting … Wikipedia
Golfo de Onega — Para otros usos de este término, véase Onega. Golfo de Onega (Онежская губа Онежский залив) El monasterio Solovetsky, en aguas del golfo … Wikipedia Español
Campo de trabajos de Solovkí — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Archivo:Barents old.jpg Un mapa de 1570 por Abraham Ortelius muestra la localización de Salofkí . El campo de prisioneros de Solovkí (más tarde la prisión Solovkí) se encuentra en el archipiélago Solovetsky, en el… … Wikipedia Español